The Symptoms of Black Lung Diseases Must Know
Black Lung Diseases caused by the inhaling of both coal dust and graphite; black lung (familiar name) is a kind of coal workers pneumoconiosis (CWP) that attacks the lungs by turning them from pink (standard color) to black. Furthermore, it is responsible for the graves of thousands of coal prospecting workers (and those who have been unfortunate enough to have been exposed to either for long periods of time).
Over an extended period-- around ten years, dust accumulates in the lungs; the accumulation is in the bronchioles [small airways within the lungs] which continually restrains the bronchioles and turns the lungs black. This obstruction meddles with the air consumption (breathing) and the exchange of oxygen in the blood (typical symptoms of the disease begin to develop).
Symptoms of black lung are as follows:
A Chronic Cough - As a consequence of many years of coal dust build in the lungs, a persistent chronic cough starts to surface (the first signs that black lung is started). Both bronchitis (swelling of the bronchial tubes), and emphysema (a smoking-related disease [both respiratory problems]) can stimulate the symptoms to develop much more promptly. A chronic cough is triggered by a reflex within the airways that attempts to remove both mucus and strange objects from the lungs.
Shortness of Breath - Because of a massive accumulation of coal dust in the lungs; a resulting limitation to both inhaling and exhaling becomes prominent (dyspnea--shortness of breath). Patients have been known to express an extreme tightening of the chest along with the feeling of suffocation.
Caplan Syndrome - When black lung and rheumatoid arthritis become mixed: Caplan syndrome (a disease [autoimmune] made by the body's cells invading the membranes of the joints]) can be encountered. Small bumps (nodules) are grown due to inflammation caused to the airways (a limitation to the airflow [breathing], symptoms alike to asthma, panting, and cyanosis [abnormal blue/purple discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes] happen).
Progressive Massive Fibrosis (PMF) - When black lung has grown significantly, the development of PMF may happen (the growth of scar tissue heads to PMF). Scar tissue typically measures around 10 millimetres in diameter and is capable of destroying both the lung tissue and blood vessels (shortness of breath is experienced due to a decreased oxygen level entering the bloodstream).
PMF is also responsible for other difficulties, such as high blood tension in the artery where oxygenated blood is brought from the lungs to the heart (cor pulmonale right-sided heart failure is caused due to the increased demand) - respiratory failure may also evolve.
Note: Mining workers/ex-mining workers, and workers who have been exposed to either high levels of coal dust or graphite dust over long times should seek medical advice when any of the previously mentioned symptoms are present.
Black lung disease is a severe respiratory illness caused by lengthened exposure to coal dust. The suffering of this disease will drastically transform your life and the lives of your family members.
The lungs of those who are diagnosed with the illness are contaminated by coal dust, leading to the infection of air sacs and stiffening of tissue in the lungs. Over enough time, the coal dust can settle and make the lung itself to harden. Along with full respiratory failure, black lung disease can develop into other severe difficulties, such as lung cancer.